Ramchandra Shukla ,Historian in Hindi literature,Biography

Ramchandra Shukla:-(Historian in Hindi literature) Ram Chandra Shukla, better known as Acharya Shukla, was an Indian historian of Hindi literature. He is regarded as the first codifier of the history of Hindi literature in a scientific system by using wide, empirical research with scant resources. As an author, he is best known for Hindi Sahitya Ka Itihaas.

*Born: 4 October 1884, Basti

Died: 2 February 1941, Varanasi

*Children: Durgavati Shukla, Gokul Chandra Shukla, Keshav Chandra Shukla

*Full name: Acharya Ramchandra Shukla

*Parents: Chandrabali Shukla

*Occupation: Writer, essayist, scholar, historian, novelist, and critic.

*Known for Codifier of the history of Hindi literature in a scientific system

Early life of Ramchandra Shukla

Acharya Ramchandra Shukla was born on 4 October 1884, in Basti district in a wealthy Brahmin family, His father Chandrabali Shukla was a Revenue Inspector (Kanoongo) at that time. Before he did his high school at London Mission School he learned Hindi, English, and Urdu at his house from qualified teachers then for further study he came to Prayagraj then Allahabad, and continued his study; after that, he wrote and published his valuable literature works and his experienced information.

Works of Ramchandra Shukla

*Acharya Shukla Sansthan has published the following under the editorship of Kusum Chaturvedi.

*Nirala Aur Nazrul Ka Rashtriya Chintan
*Nirvachit Prabandh Sankalan

*Sadi Ke Ant Mein Hindi
*Naya Mandand (research journal in Hindi

biography of Ramchandra Shukla

Acharya Pandit Ramchandra Shukla, a great Hindi poetry and prose writer, was born on the 4th of October in the year 1884 in a small village named Agona, Basti of the UP state during British rule and died in the year 1941. Commonly, he is known as the Acharya Shukla by his lovers. His father name was Pandit Chandrabali Shukla. He got married to Savitri Devi and became father of the two sons and three daughters (Keshav Chandra, Gokul Chandra, and Vidhya, Durgavati, Kamla).

the work of Shukla traces the genesis of Hindi poetry and prose since the 6th century and its development through Buddhist and Nath schools and the medieval contributions of amir khusro, Kabir das, ravidas, Tulsidas, stretching to the modern realism of nirala and premchand.

His works of literary criticism include Kavita Kya Hai, the most widely read essay explaining poetry and poetics in his outstanding collection Chintamani, published initially in two volumes as a collection of essays on emotions like anger and hatred. Recently his scattered and unpublished essays have been found and published as Chintamani-3 edited by Namwar Singh and Chintamani-4 by Kusum Chaturvedi.

Ramchandra Shukla

These works signify that he did not restrict himself to being the foremost modernizer of the Hindi language, literature, and thought. He was involved with scientific temper-building by translating and updating works of science and history. In developing a scientific methodology to investigate the literary works of several centuries as creations of socio-economic and political conditions of the respective era, Acharya Shukla became a pathbreaker.

Acharya Shukla taught at Banaras Hindu University Varanasi and chaired its department of Hindi during Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya’s period from 1937 until he died (1941). Although not a regular story writer, he wrote a long Hindi story “Gyarah Varsh Ka Samay” to inspire original writing. His collection of original poems Madhushrota includes his adolescent hunger for hills, rocks, waterfalls, crops, and birds, and images of his childhood sphere. His famous work Sahitya ka Itihaas was later edited online by a group of eminent Hindi writers and translators, led by Dr. Suresh Kumar Mishra “Uratrupt”, writer and methodologist from Ranga Reddy, Andhra Pradesh. Hindi Sahitya ka Itihaas is considered authentic Hindi literature.

Ram Chandra Shukla was married to Savitri Devi and had two sons, Keshav Chandra and Gokul Chandra, and three daughters, Durgavati, Vidhya, and Kamla. He was a painter and designed his own house, which was incomplete when he died in 1941.

Career of Ramchandra Shukla

He had worked hard and his great work was the beginning of the Hindi poetry and prose in the 6th century. After him, Hindi poetry was then developed by the Buddhist and Nath schools as well as the medieval involvements of the Amir Kabirdas, Khusro, Ravidas, and Tulsidas, and again it was expanded to modern realism by the Nirala and Premchand. Dr. Ram Vilas Sharma has highlighted the details that the great writer is opposing the feudal and courtly literature while he was evaluating the Acharya Shukla.

Acharya Shukla started his life journey by writing a Hindi poem and an article known as the “Prachin Bharatiyoin Ka Pahirava” and his first English-published essay known as, “What Has India to Do”. He has published his first English essay at 17. A few years after, in 1921 he wrote another writing named, “Non-cooperation and Non-mercantile Classes of India”. He taught at BHU Varanasi as a teacher in the Hindi department during the Pt. Madan Mohan Malviya period.

He started to write a long Hindi story “Gyarah Varsh Ka Samay”. Some of his original poem collection is “Madhushrota” including the adolescent hunger for hills, waterfalls, rocks, birds, crops, and his childhood images. His first writing “Hindi Sahitya ka Itihaas” is known as authentic Hindi literature. He got married to Savitri Devi and became the father of two sons and three daughters (named Keshav Chandra, Gokul Chandra, and Vidhya, Durgavati, and Kamla).

Books of Acharya Ramchandra Shukla

*Hindi Sahitya Ka Itihas

*Lokjagaran Aur Hindi Sahitya
*Jaysi Granthawali
Shreisth Nibandh
*Adarsh Jivan
*Goswami Tulsidas
*Megasthnese Ka *Bharatvarshiya *Varnan
*Kalpana Ka Anand
*Hindi Shabdasagar
*Nagiri Pracharini *Patrika
*Bhramargit Sar
*Malik Mohammad *Jayasi
*Ras Mimansa
*Kala Aur Adhunika *Pravrttiyam
*Gyarah Varsh Ka *Samay
*Shri Radhakrishnan
*Buddha Charit
*Abhimanyu Vadh

Patra Sahitya of Ramchandra Shukla

*Shukla Ke Patra Shri Kedarnath Pathak Ke Nam

*Shukla Ke Patra Shri Raikrishn Das Ke Nam

*Shukla Ke Patra Rambihari Shukla Ke Nam

*Shukla Ke Patra Madhav Prasad Ke Nam

*Shukla Ke Patra Shri Viyogihari Ke Nam

*Shukla Ke Patra Pandit Ayodhyanath Sharma Ke Nam
*Shukla Ke Patra Pandit Kishoriprasad Vajpai Ke Nam

*Shukla Ke Patra Shri Surendra Nath Tripathi Ke Nam

*Shukla Ka Hindi Premiyon Se Anurodh

Essays of Acharya Ramchandra Shukla

*Manas Ki Dharm Bhoomi
*Rasatmak Bodh ke Vividh Roop
*Tulsi Ka Bhakti Marg
*Kavya Men Rahasyavad
*Kavya Men Abhibyanjanavad
*Kavita Kya hai
*Bhartendu Harishchandra
*Chintamani *Aalochanatamak Nibandh
Chintamani (Bhag–1 Vicharatmak)
Chintamani (Bhag–1 Alochnatmak)
*Kavya me Loka Mangal Ki Sadhana
*Saharikaran Aur Vyakti Vaichitriyavad
*Vichar-Vithi Kavya
Men Rahasyavad


Chintamani is the most famous essay written by him which is an expansively read essay identifying poetry and poetics. His wonderful collection known as Chintamani was originally published in two volumes of essays that were based on real emotions such as anger and hatred. Some of his unpublished writings such as the Chintamani-3 and Chintamani-4 have been edited and published by Namwar Singh and Kusum Chaturvedi respectively. Some of the other essays related to the Chintamani are Chintamani Aalochanatamak Nibandh, Chintamani (Bhag–1 Vicharatmak), and Chintamani (Bhag–1 Alochnatmak).

*Some of the Major Works on Him

*Acharya Ram Chandra Shukla by the Professor Joseph Mundasshweri.
*Acharya Shukla Ka Kavi Vyaktitva by Rakesh kumar.
*Acharya Ram Chandra Shukla aur Hindi Alochana by Ram Vilas Sharma.
*Lokjagran aur Acharya Shukla by the Ram Vilas Sharma.
*Alochak Ram Chandra Shukla by the Ganga Prasad Pandey.

read also – Krishna sobti Biography

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